Poly-L-lysine is a positively charged amino acid polymer. Poly-lysine binds to DNA, red cell membrane and any negatively charged protein. It is typically used as a coating substrate for culture dishes, slides, etc. It enhances electrostatic interaction between negatively charged ions of the cell membrane and the culture surface. When adsorbed to the culture surface, poly-lysine increases the number of positively charged sites available for cell binding.
Other applications of Poly-L-lysine include Conjugation to methotrexate for increased drug transport, Microencapsulation of islets, Use in simple reproducible procedure for chromosomal preparations from a variety of tissues, Immobilation of living cells in biocompatible semipermeable microcapsules, In the preparation of polycationic beads, Conjugation to albumin and horseradish peroxidase to enhance cellular uptake.
Poly-L-lysine is a nonspecific attachment factor for cells useful in promoting cell adhesion to solid substrates by enhancing electrostatic interaction between negatively charged ions of the cell membrane and the culture surface. When it is absorbed to the cell culture surface, poly-L-lysine functions to increase the number of positively charged sites available for cell binding. With cells that can digest poly-L-lysine, poly-D-lysine should be used as the attachment factor.
Key Applications: Attachment factor for tissue culture.
Application Areas: Cell Biology & Analysis
Product Type: Biochemicals
Presentation: White Powder
NOTES: There is approximately one HBr or HCl per lysine unit. The HBr/HCl allows it to be a crystalline solid and soluble in water. To remove the HBr/HCl, solubilize the product in a neutral buffer and dialyze away the salts.
Solubility: Soluble in water (50mg/mL-clear,colorless solution)
Storage & Handling: -20°C