Isopropyl alcohol is widely used in chemistry, biochemistry and molecular biology. Industrial applications include its use in antifreezes, quick-drying oils, and quick-drying inks, and as a solvent for gums, shellac, and essential oils. Isopropyl alcohol has been utilized as a solvent in the synthesis of solid phase acylating agents.
Isopropyl alcohol is ideal for precipitating nucleic acids. In comparison to ethanol, approximately half the amount is required for precipitation which minimizes the total volume for recovery. Isopropanol is a clear, colorless, polar organic solvent commonly used in chemistry and molecular biology laboratories. It will dissolve a wide range of chemicals, and evaporates quickly.