Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) also known as caustic soda is a water soluble inorganic base with a wide range of industrial application such as titration, dissolution testing and in impinger to remove acidic gases. It participates in the oxidation of glycerol catalyzed by Au/charcoal or Au/graphite. It participates in solvent-free aldol condensation reaction.
Synonyms: 'Caustic soda'
Molecular Formula: HNaO
Molecular Weight: 40.0
Linear Structural Formula: NaOH
MDL Number: MFCD00003548
Melting Point: 318 C (lit.)
Density: 2.13 g/cm3 at 20 C
Application: Sodium hydroxide may be used as a base in titration methods, dissolution testing, for adjusting pH and in the impinger to remove acidic gases.It may be used in the following processes:
•Conversion of glycerol to glyceric acid in the presence of gold catalyst.
•Palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction between vinylalkoxysilanes and aryl bromides or chlorides to form styrenes.
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Anion Traces: chloride (Cl-): ≤0.005%
Cation Traces: Hg: ≤0.1 ppm
Grade: ACS reagent
Impurities: ≤1.0% Na2CO3
Vapor Density: >1 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure: <18 mmHg ( 20°C)