EICOSANOIDS-EIA (Enzyme Immunoassay)

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Cayman Chemical EICOSANOIDS-EIA (Enzyme Immunoassay)

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  • Leukotriene E4 ELISA Kit

    Cayman Chemical

    Leukotriene E4 (LTE4) is a product of the 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) pathway in activated mast cells, eosinophils, and monocytes. LTA4, the primary 5-LO metabolite, is rapidly converted to LTC4 and sequentially to LTD4 and LTE4. While plasma levels of LTC4 are virtually undetectable, exogenously…

  • Latanoprost ELISA Kit

    Cayman Chemical

    Latanoprost is an F-series PG analog which has been approved for use as an ocular hypotensive drug. PG esters and other similar derivatives act as prodrugs which are converted to the active free acid form by an esterase/amidase activity in ocular tissues. The free acid form of Latanoprost is 200…

  • This kit contains all reagents necessary for simple one-step purification of 8-isoprostane from most biological samples.

  • PGD2 is synthesized by H-PGDS in mast cells and is released in large quantities during allergic and asthmatic anaphylaxis. H-PGDS is therefore a key target for development of selective, potent inhibitors for therapeutic use against these diseases. Cayman’s H-PGDS FP-Based Inhibitor Screening…

  • Cayman’s COX Fluorescent Inhibitor Screening Assay provides a convenient fluorescence-based method for screening ovine COX-1 and human recombinant COX-2 for isozyme-specific inhibitors. The assay utilizes the peroxidase component of COXs. In this assay, the reaction between PGG2 and ADHP…

  • Fluprostenol ELISA Kit

    Cayman Chemical

    Fluprostenol is a metabolically stable analog of PGF2α with potent FP receptor agonist activity. The isopropyl ester of fluprostenol has been approved for use as an ocular hypotensive drug for the treatment of glaucoma and is sold under the Alcon trade name Travoprost. Acting as a prodrug,…

  • Cayman’s PLA2 ELISA Kit is an immunometric (i.e. "sandwich") assay that can be used for the quantification of sPLA2 in plasma, synovial fluid, and other sample matrices. Each kit contains AChE:s PLA2 antibody conjugate, antiserum, human recombinant sPLA2 standard, Ellman’s…

  • 17-phenyl trinor PGF2α is a metabolically stable analog of PGF2α and is a potent agonist for the FP receptor. The ethyl amide analog has been approved for use as an ocular hypotensive drug, sold under the Allergan trade name Bimatoprost. There is some evidence that unmetabolized…

  • sPLA2 Assay Kit

    Cayman Chemical

    Cayman’s sPLA2 Assay provides an accurate and convenient method for measurement of sPLA2 activity. This assay uses the 1,2-dithio analog of diheptanoyl phosphatidylcholine which serves as a substrate for most PLA2s with the exception of cPLA2. Upon hydrolysis of the thioester bond at the sn-2…

  • 11β-PGF2α is the primary plasma metabolite of PGD2 in vivo, the levels of which can increase from 6 pg/ml in a normal healthy volunteer to 490 ng/ml in patients with systemic mastocytosis. The normal human urinary excretion of 11β-PGF2α is about 11 ng/mmol creatinine (~400…

  • The COX (human) Inhibitor Screening Assay Kit directly measures PGF2α by SnCl2 reduction of COX-derived PGH2 produced in the COX reaction. The prostanoid product is quantified via ELISA using a broadly specific antiserum that binds to all the major prostaglandin compounds. This assay includes…

  • The COX (ovine) Inhibitor Screening Assay directly measures PGF2α produced in the cyclooxygenase reaction. The prostanoid product is quantified via ELISA using a broadly specific antibody that binds to all the major prostaglandin compounds. Thus, this Cayman COX Assay is more accurate and…

  • Resolvin D2 ELISA Kit

    Cayman Chemical

    Resolvin D2 (RvD2) is produced physiologically from the sequential oxygenation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) by 15- and 5-lipoxygenases. RvD2 reduces polymorphonuclear leukocyte transendothelial migration, the earliest event in acute inflammation, by ~70% at doses as low as 10 pg in the mouse model…

  • COX-1 and COX-2 catalyze the production of the PG and TX precursor PGH2. COX-2 is primarily responsible for the biosynthesis of PGs under acute inflammatory conditions. The COX-2 (human recombinant) Inhibitor Screening Assay measures PGF2α that is produced by SnCl2 reduction of COX-2-derived…

  • Because of the rapid metabolism of PGE2, the determination of in vivo PGE2 biosynthesis is often best accomplished by the measurement of PGE2 metabolites. Cayman’s PGEM Assay converts all 13,14-dihydro-15-keto PGE2 and 13,14-dihydro-15-keto PGA2 into a single stable derivative, which is…

  • Thromboxane B2 ELISA Kit

    Cayman Chemical

    For the quantification of TXB2 in urine, serum, tissue culture supernatants, and other sample matrices Sensitivity (80% B/B0): 5 pg/ml Assay Range: 1.6-1,000 pg/ml Thromboxane A2 (TXA2) is produced from arachidonic acid by many cells and causes irreversible platelet…

  • Maresin 1 ELISA Kit

    Cayman Chemical

    Maresins (macrophage mediators in resolving inflammation) are members of a class of potent anti-inflammatory and pro-resolving mediators that are synthesized by macrophages in the presence of DHA. MaR1 is produced via oxidation of endogenous DHA by 12-LO. MaR1 has been shown to reduce neutrophil…

  • Prostacyclin is formed from arachidonic acid primarily by the vascular endothelium and renal cortex. It is a potent vasodilator and inhibitor of platelet aggregation. PGI2 is non-enzymatically hydrated to 6-keto PGF1α (t½ = 2-3 minutes), and then quickly converted to the major…

  • Cyclooxygenase (COX, also called Prostaglandin H Synthase or PGHS) is a bifunctional enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to a hydroperoxy endoperoxide (PGG2) and reduces the endoperoxide to the corresponding alcohol (PGH2), the precursor of prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and…

  • PGF2α is rapidly metabolized to 13,14-dihydro-15-keto PGF2α in vivo, by the enzymes 15-hydroxy PG dehydrogenase and D13-reductase. Measurement of 13,14-dihydro-15-keto PGF2α in plasma can be used as a marker of the in vivo production of PGF2α. The Cayman’s…

  • 8-Isoprostane ELISA Kit

    Cayman Chemical

    The isoprostanes are a family of eicosanoids of non-enzymatic origin produced by the random oxidation of tissue phospholipids by oxygen radicals. Isoprostanes appear as artifacts in tissue and plasma samples which have undergone oxidative degradation during prolonged or improper storage. They also…

  • COX-1 and COX-2 catalyze the production of the prostaglandin (PG), thromboxane, and prostacyclin precursor PGH2. COX-2 is responsible for the biosynthesis of PGs under acute inflammatory conditions. This inducible COX-2 is believed to be the target enzyme for the anti-inflammatory…

  • Leukotrienes (LTs) are a group of acute inflammatory mediators derived from arachidonic acid via the 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) pathway in leukocytes. LTC4, LTD4, and LTE4 are collectively referred to as cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs). LTC4 and LTD4 are potent mediators of asthma and hypersensitivity.…

  • Quantification of lipid peroxidation is essential to assess the role of oxidative injury in pathophysiological disorders. Lipid peroxidation results in the formation of highly reactive, unstable hydroperoxides of both saturated and unsaturated lipids. Cayman’s Lipid Hydroperoxide Assay…

  • Prostaglandin D2 ELISA Kit

    Cayman Chemical

    Prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) is biosynthesized in the brain by a soluble, 26 kDa glutathione-independent lipocalin-type PGD2 synthase. This PGD2 accumulates in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), where it induces physiologic sleep in rats and humans. PGD2 is also synthesized in mast cells and leukocytes by a…

  • This PGD2-MOX ELISA is based on the conversion of PGD2 to a stable MOX derivative. Treatment of the sample with MOX HCl converts PGD2 into PGD2-MOX, preventing its further chemical degradation. The antiserum used in the assay was developed using conjugates of this derivative and is very specific…

  • AMP+ Mass Spectrometry Kit

    Cayman Chemical

    Cayman’s AMP+ Mass Spectrometry Kit contains a positively charged reagent (AMP+) that can be coupled quantitatively to free carboxylic acids through an amide bond linkage. The resulting derivatized product thus contains a positively charged group that shows improved electrospray ionization…

  • This assay offers the convenience of a fast assay (2 hour incubation; 1 hour development) while still achieving a detection limit (80% B/B0) of 10 pg/ml.

  • The COX Colorimetric Inhibitor Screening Assay measures the peroxidase component of cyclooxygenases. The peroxidase activity is assayed colorimetrically by monitoring the appearance of oxidized N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine (TMPD) at 590 nm. Inhibition of COX activity, measured…

  • Cayman’s Lipid Hydroperoxide Assay measures the hydroperoxides directly utilizing the redox reactions with ferrous ions. An easy to use quantitative extraction method was developed to extract lipid hydroperoxides into chloroform, and the extract is directly used in the assay. This procedure…

  • Leukotriene B4 ELISA Kit

    Cayman Chemical

    LTB4 is synthesized from arachidonic acid by the combined action of 5-LO and LTA4 hydrolase. LTB4 has long been recognized as a potent mediator of inflammation. It stimulates a number of leukocyte functions, including aggregation, stimulation of ion fluxes, enhancement of lysosomal enzyme release,…

  • Resolvin D1 ELISA Kit

    Cayman Chemical

    Resolvin D1 (RvD1) is produced physiologically from the sequential oxygenation of DHA by 15- and 5-lipoxygenases. The 17(R)-epimer of RvD1 can also be generated with aspirin-treatment. Both RvD1 and its 17(R) configuration reduce human polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) transendothelial migration,…

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