Biologically Active Small Molecules

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LKT Labs Biologically Active Small Molecules

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  • a-Cembrenediol

    LKT Labs

    Cembrenediols are diterpenes originally found in Anisomeles. These compounds exhibit antibacterial activity against Mycobacterium and antifungal activity against Colletotrichum. Grade: ≥98%

  • Chlortetracycline is a tetracycline antibiotic that also exhibits antioxidative, anti-parasitic, and neuroprotective activities. Chlortetracycline binds the 30S subunit of the bacterial ribosome, inhibiting protein synthesis; it also displays antibacterial and antimalarial properties. Additionally,…

  • 4-bromo-A23187

    LKT Labs

    Non-fluorescent halogenated A23187 analog and Ca2+ ionophore. It induces formation of endothelial microvesicles, increasing leakage of lactate dehydrogenase and decreasing cell viability. It also induces mast cell degranulation and stimulates the acros

  • Benzalkonium is a quaternary ammonium cationic surfactant that exhibits antimicrobial activity. Benzalkonium is clinically used as a disinfectant; it displays antibacterial activity by inducing dissociation of lipid membrane bilayer components and allowing cellular leakage. Benzalkonium is more…

  • Chrysin

    LKT Labs

    Chrysin is a flavone/flavonoid initially found in Passiflora, Oroxylum, and Pleurotis; it is also a byproduct found in propolis. Chrysin exhibits anti-estrogenic, anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, neuroprotective, cognition enhancing, antioxidative, anti-metastatic, anticancer chemotherapeutic, and…

  • Carbenoxolone is a synthetic derivative of glycyrrhizin that exhibits anti-ulcerative, anti-inflammatory, neuromodulatory, neuroprotective, anti-hyperlipidemic, hepatoprotective, and immunosuppressive activities. Carbenoxolone is clinically used to treat ulcers and inflammation; it inhibits…

  • Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) exhibits antioxidative and anticancer activities. BHA is commercially used as a food additive or preservative, as its free radical scavenging ability stabilizes free radicals and prevents food spoilage. BHS also increases activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in…

  • n-Butyric Acid

    LKT Labs

    Butyric acid is a fatty acid found in many dairy products that exhibits anticancer activity. Butyric acid inhibits histone deacetylases (HDACs) and induces apoptosis and G1 phase cell cycle arrest in glioma cells. Additionally, butyric acid stimulates epithelial cell proliferation at low doses and…

  • Abacavir

    LKT Labs

    Guanosine analog and inhibitor of RT, guanylyl cyclase, and telomerase used to treat HIV infection.

  • Biotin

    LKT Labs

    Biotin is a water-soluble B vitamin (vitamin B7) that may be found in many foods but is also administered as a dietary supplement. Biotin is a coenzyme involved in the synthesis of fatty acids, isoleucine, and valine; it also plays a role in gluconeogenesis. Biotin may be found attached to lysine…

  • Ceftiofur is a third generation β-lactam antibacterial used in livestock. Like other similar antibiotics, ceftiofur inhibits synthesis of bacterial cell walls by inhibiting penicillin binding proteins. Ceftiofur also displays anti-inflammatory activity. In vivo, this compound decreases…

  • Caffeic Acid

    LKT Labs

    Caffeic acid is a hydroxycinnamic acid found in coffee, argan oil, Eucaplyptus, Salvinia, and Phellinus; it exhibits antioxidative, anti-diabetic, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-metastatic, and anticancer activities. Caffeic acid inhibits activity of a-amylase and a-glucosidase. This compound…

  • Angiotensin II (AT II) is an endogenous peptide produced from AT I by angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE). AT II binds the AT II type 1 (AT1) receptor, stimulating GPCRs in vascular smooth muscle cells and increasing intracellular Ca2+ levels; this results in contraction and vasoconstriction,…

  • 3-Tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole (3-BHA) is one component of butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA). This compound is commonly used as a food additive; it exhibits antioxidative and anticancer activities. In leukemia cells, 3-BHA decreases the mitochondrial membrane potential, inhibits mitochondrial oxidative…

  • L-Arginine

    LKT Labs

    L-Arginine is an endogenous amino acid also found in meat, dairy, grains, and legumes. L-Arginine exhibits vasodilatory and antihypertensive activities, as it is a precursor to the formation of NO. L-Arginine decreases systolic and diastolic blood pressure, improving cardiovascular and endothelial…

  • AEBSF is a serine protease substrate that inhibits protease activity.

  • Cetrimide

    LKT Labs

    Cetrimide is a mix of quaternary ammonium salts that exhibits antiseptic and anticancer chemotherapeutic activities. Cetrimide acts as a cationic detergent, altering the mitochondrial membrane potential and inducing pore formation in membranes. Cetrimide bromide inhibits H+ ATP synthase, inducing…

  • Cholesterol

    LKT Labs

    Cholesterol is a sterol component of animal cell membranes that is required for membrane fluidity. Cholesterol is also the precursor to most steroid hormones, bile acids, and vitamin D compounds. Additionally, cholesterol is involved in vesicular transport and nerve conduction, and shows some…

  • Trans-Anethole

    LKT Labs

    Trans-anethole is a phenylpropene derivative found in many essential oils, including anise oil. Trans-anethole is commercially used as an insecticide and flavorant. This compound exhibits neuromodulatory, anxiolytic, antioxidative, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory activities.…

  • Amphotericin B

    LKT Labs

    Amphotericin B is a polyene antifungal compound that increases levels of ROS and forms pores or channels in membranes by binding membrane sterols. Amphotericin B induces iNOS, activates astrocytes, and increases expression of IL-1ß, TNF-a, BDNF, and GDNF, displaying potential neuroprotective…

  • Amlodipine is a dihydropyridine L-type Ca2+ channel blocker that exhibits antihypertensive, anti-anginal, and vasodilatory activities. Amlodipine is clinically used to treat hypertension and angina as it induces relaxation of arterial smooth muscles, decreases blood pressure, and increases blood…

  • Benfotiamine

    LKT Labs

    Thiamine/vitamin B derivative and antioxidant. It displays several biological activities, including inhibiting pain neurotransmission, decreasing production of production of amyloid-β, and inhibiting LPS-induced release of leukotrienes, prostaglandins, and thromboxane B2.

  • Dihydroartemisinin is a sesquiterpene lactone that can be derived from Artemisia. Dihydroartemisinin exhibits anticancer, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, anti-asthma, and anti-parasitic activities. Artemisinins such as dihydroartemisinin are best known for their antimalarial activity.…

  • Benzo[a]pyrene

    LKT Labs

    Benzo[a]pyrene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) originally found in coal tar, cigarette smoke, and wood smoke. Metabolites of this compound bind DNA and induce mutations. Benzo[a]pyrene is highly carcinogenic and is used in research models to induce carcinogenesis and tumor formation.…

  • Bakuchiol

    LKT Labs

    Bakuchiol is a prenylated phenolic terpene originally sourced from many plants, including Psoralea coryfolia. Bakuchiol exhibits estrogenic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-hyperlipidemic, and anti-fibrotic activities. Bakuchiol activates estrogen receptors, displaying…

  • 1,4-Benzoquinone

    LKT Labs

    1,4-Benzoquinone is a precursor used in the synthesis of hydroquinone and is also used as a hydrogen acceptor and oxidant. 1,4-Benzoquinone exhibits anti-inflammatory and antibiotic activities. 1,4-Benzoquinone inhibits 5-lipoxygenase and prevents leukotriene synthesis. Additionally, this compound…

  • Cafestol is a diterpene initially found in brewed, unfiltered coffee that exhibits anti-angiogenic, anticancer, chemopreventive, neuromodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and hyperlipidemic activities. Cafestol inhibits proliferation, migration, and tube formation in vitro, potentially through decreasing…

  • Chondroitin sulfate (CS) is a polyanionic sulfated glycosaminoglycan that displays anti-arthritic, antioxidative, and anti-inflammatory activities. CS is an endogenous component of the extracellular matrix of connective tissues and is responsible for their resistance and elasticity. CS is often…

  • Aflatoxin M1

    LKT Labs

    Aflatoxins are mycotoxins found in foods and livestock feeds that were initially produced by species of Aspergillus. Aflatoxin M1 is the hydroxylated metabolite of aflatoxin B1; it inhibits DNA synthesis and induces cell cycle arrest.

  • ß-Cembrenediol

    LKT Labs

    Cembrenediols are diterpenes originally found in Anisomeles. These compounds exhibit antibacterial activity against Mycobacterium and antifungal activity against Colletotrichum. Grade: ≥98%

  • Atropine

    LKT Labs

    Atropine is a tropane alkaloid found in plants in the Solanaceae family. Atropine is an anticholinergic compound that also exhibits analgesic and antinociceptive activities. Atropine is a competitive inhibitor of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) that is commonly used for ophthalmic…

  • Atenolol

    LKT Labs

    Atenolol is an antagonist at ß1-adrenergic receptors that is clinically acceptable for the treatment of hypertension, angina, myocardial infarction, and tachycardia. Atenolol exhibits antihypertensive and anti-anginal activities, primarily through decreasing cardiac output.

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