Biologically Active Small Molecules

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Biologically Active Small Molecules

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  • GSK5959

    Cayman Chemical

    A potent, selective, and cell-permeable inhibitor of the BRPF1 bromodomain (IC50 = 80 nM); disrupts chromatin binding of BRPF1 in a cellular assay by blocking the interaction of BRPF1 with histone H3.3.

  • Vitamin B12

    Cayman Chemical

    A corrinoid vitamin with roles in brain and nervous system functioning and blood formation through regulation of DNA synthesis, cellular metabolism, fatty acid metabolism, and amino acid metabolism; serves as a cofactor in isomerase-, methyltransferase-, and dehalogenase-catalyzed reactions,…

  • Sodium Stibogluconate

    Cayman Chemical

    A pentavalent antimony derivative that is highly active against Leishmania amastigotes in macrophages.

  • ProClin™ 300

    MilliporeSigma

    ProClin biocides are immediately microstatic upon contact with microbial organisms as a result of their ability to quickly penetrate cell membranes and inhibit specific enzymes crucial to cellular respiration. Multiple specific sites of ProClin toxicity prevent microorganisms from developing high…

  • CAY10448

    Cayman Chemical

    An iodinated nonivamide, a potent TRPV1 antagonist with an IC50 value of approximately 10 nM.

  • Quinacrine (hydrochloride hydrate)

    Cayman Chemical

    An anti-protozoal agent; prevents misfolding of prion protein (EC50 = 0.3 μM), blocks voltage-dependent sodium channels (IC50 = 3.3 μM), inhibits aldehyde oxidase (IC50 = 3.3 μM), antagonizes the riboflavin-binding protein (Ki = 6.7 μM), inhibits…

  • Picaridin

    Cayman Chemical

    An insect repellent that is effective against a range of arthropods, including mosquitoes and ticks; shows synergy with the non-pyrethroid insecticide propoxur both in killing and repelling mosquitoes.

  • Aflatoxin M2

    Cayman Chemical

    A natural oxidative metabolic product of the mycotoxin aflatoxin B2.

  • XTT (sodium salt)

    Cayman Chemical

    A cell-impermeable, negatively charged tetrazolium dye that produces a water-soluble formazan when reduced at the cell surface by cellular-derived NADH and an electron mediator.

  • Cylindrospermopsin

    Cayman Chemical

    A cyanobacterial toxin that targets protein and glutathione synthesis in hepatocytes (IC50s = 1.3 and 2.4 µM, respectively), inhibits uridine monophosphate synthase complex activity (Ki = 10 µM), and induces DNA damage.

  • 2-NBDG

    Cayman Chemical

    A fluorescently-labeled deoxyglucose analog that is used primarily to directly monitor glucose uptake by living cells and tissues; also used as a topical contrast reagent for the detection of neoplasia.

  • Isoniazid

    Cayman Chemical

    An antibiotic that acts as a prodrug that is converted to isonicotinic acyl-NADH complex, which inhibits mycolic acid biosynthesis; effective against several species of Mycobacterium, including M. tuberculosis.

  • Acetaminophen

    Cayman Chemical

    An analgesic and antipyretic compound; inhibits COX-2 activity by more than 80%, albeit at relatively high doses, while it is less effective against COX-1.

  • 11ß-Prostaglandin F1ß

    Cayman Chemical

    Steroisomer of PGF1α with both C-9 and C-11 hydroxyls inverted.

  • Docosanoyl Ethanolamide

    Cayman Chemical

    A saturated N-acylethanolamide whose non-CB receptor-mediated pharmacology is still being elucidated; may have a role in the functioning of ion channels.

  • 20-carboxy Leukotriene B4

    Cayman Chemical

    20-carboxy LTB4 is a metabolite of LTB4 in human neutrophils. In human leukocytes, LTB4 is inactivated by the enzyme LTB4 20-hydroxylase. The resulting 20-hydroxy LTB4 is further oxidized to 20-carboxy LTB4. LTB4 metabolism in isolated rat hepatocytes also results in production of 20-carboxy LTB4…

  • Anabaenopeptin B

    LKT Labs

    Anabaenopeptins are cyclopentapeptides found in cyanobacteria such as Microcystis aeruginosa and Oscillatoria agardhii. Anabaenopeptins and other cyanotoxins are typically inhibitors of serine proteases and protein phosphatases (PPs). Anabaenopeptins may also inhibit carboxypeptidases.…

  • Mifepristone

    Cayman Chemical

    A potent PR and GR antagonist with Ki value of approximately 1 nM.

  • CPTH6 (hydrobromide)

    Cayman Chemical

    A Gcn5 and pCAF HAT inhibitor.

  • Resolvin D3

    Cayman Chemical

    A DHA-derived product first identified in mouse inflammatory exudates; reduces neutrophil infiltration in vivo in both mouse peritonitis and dermal inflammation; enhances macrophage phagocytosis and efferocytosis.

  • Resolvin D1-d5

    Cayman Chemical

    An internal standard for the quantification of resolvin D1 by GC- or LC-MS.

  • Prostaglandin F2a methyl ester

    Cayman Chemical

    PGF2α methyl ester is an analog of PGF2α in which the C-1 carboxyl group has been esterified as the methyl ester. PGF2α methyl ester was one of the first PG esters shown to have ocular hypotensive activity. This compound continues to be a standard by which other ocular hypotensive…

  • 10-OAHSA

    Cayman Chemical

    A FAHFA in which oleic acid is esterified to 10-hydroxy stearic acid.

  • 17-phenyl trinor Prostaglandin F2a cyclohexyl amide

    Cayman Chemical

    A form of 17-phenyl trinor PGF modified with a cyclohexane moiety at the alpha carbon; insoluble in aqueous media, soluble in organic solvents; activity at the FP receptor has not been evaluated.

  • R-Palmitoyl-(1-methyl) Ethanolamide

    Cayman Chemical

    A synthetic analog of PEA which incorporates an (R)-methyl group vicinal to the alcohol on the ethanolamine moiety, which may protect the molecule from enzymatic hydrolysis, leading to prolonged duration of action and enhanced potency in vivo; expected to show enhancement of the inhibitory activity…

  • Radicicol

    Cayman Chemical

    A natural product with antibiotic, antifungal, and antimalarial properties; binds and inhibits heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) with nanomolar affinity.

  • 5-(Hydroxymethyl)-2’-deoxycytidine

    Cayman Chemical

    A modified pyrimidine that is capable of producing interstrand cross-links in double-stranded DNA; used to quantify DNA hydroxymethylation levels in biological samples.

  • Oleic Acid

    Cayman Chemical

    Oleic acid is a monounsaturated fatty acid and is one of the major components of membrane phospholipids. Oleic acid contributes about 17% of the total fatty acids esterified to phosphatidylcholine, the major phospholipid class in porcine platelets. Oleic acid inhibits collagen-stimulated platelet…

  • 5-Methyl-2'-deoxycytidine

    Cayman Chemical

    A pyrimidine nucleoside used in epigenetics research to investigate the dynamics of DNA methylation pattern in the control of gene expression.

  • UNBS-5162

    Cayman Chemical

    UNBS5162 is a naphthalimide that antagonizes the expression of CXCL chemokines. In vitro exposure of PC-3 prostate cancer cells to 1 µM UNBS5162 for five successive days was shown to decrease the expression of proangiogenic CXCL chemokines. UNBS5162 also demonstrates antiangiogenic properties…

  • N-Oleoyl Dopamine

    Cayman Chemical

    A selective, endogenous TRPV1 agonist that is a “hybrid” analog, which incorporates components of both the AEA-like and dopamine neurotransmitter pathways; binds to the human recombinant TRPV1 (Ki = 36 nM) with equipotency to that of capsaicin and slightly more potency than that of…

  • Azlocillin (sodium salt)

    Cayman Chemical

    A semi-synthetic with broad spectrum antibacterial properties; used as part of antibiotic cocktails known as PANTA (with polymyxin B, amphotericin B, nalidixic acid, and trimethoprim) and PANTAV (PANTA with vancomycin).

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