Antibiotic. Cytotoxic to prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells by inhibiting the protein synthesis. Apoptosis inducer. Widely employed in the selection of eukaryotic expression vectors, in combination with either aminoglycoside phosphotransferase 3' or APH II. Antiviral.
Stable for at least 2 years after receipt when stored at -20°C.
Antibiotic G-418, a new Micromonospora-produced aminoglycoside with activity against protozoa and helminths: fermentation, isolation, and preliminary characterization: G.H. Wagman, et al.; Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 6, 144 (1974) | Phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C is activated allosterically by the aminoglycoside G418. 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-scyllo-inositol-1-O-dodecylphosphonate and its analogs inhibit glycosylphosphatidylinositol phospholipase C: J.C. Morris, et al.; J. Biol. Chem. 271, 15468 (1996) | Addition of G418 and other aminoglycoside antibiotics to mammalian cells results in the release of GPI-anchored proteins: M. Kung, et al.; FEBS Lett. 409, 333 (1997) | The effects of G418 on the growth and metabolism of recombinant mammalian cell lines: C.A. Yallop & I. Svendsen; Cytotechnology 35, 101 (2001) | Cytochrome c release and endoplasmic reticulum stress are involved in caspase-dependent apoptosis induced by G418: Q.H. Jin, et al.; Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 61, 1816 (2004) | Expression and distribution of HSP27 in response to G418 in different human breast cancer cell lines: L. Qian, et al.; Histochem. Cell Biol. 126, 593 (2006) | Antiviral activity of geneticin against bovine viral diarrhoea virus: A.V. Birk, et al.; Antivir. Chem. Chemother. 19, 33 (2008) | Antiviral activity of geneticin against dengue virus: X.G. Zhang, et al.; Antiviral Res. 83, 21 (2009)
Purity : >98% (TLC)
Product Type: Biochemicals
Host : Isolated from Micromonospora rhodorangea.
Solubility : Soluble in water (up to 50 mg/ml).
Storage & Handling : - 20°C